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Reptile Hobbyists – Helping or Hindering Reptile and Amphibian Conservation?

 Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima manniWhile over-collection and poorly-prepared pet keepers have certainly led to declines in wild populations of some species, private hobbyists have also contributed immensely to the conservation of amphibians, invertebrates and reptiles (as well as fishes, birds and mammals).  This is especially true of those animals which zoos lack the interest or space to maintain…often the very creatures most favored by private keepers.

The Asian Turtle Crisis

A lack of funds and space in zoos led the establishment of the Turtle Survival Alliance, the largest turtle rescue effort ever launched.  The Alliance was organized in response to unprecedented declines in freshwater turtle populations throughout Asia – a phenomenon that has come to be known as the Asian Turtle Crisis.

Soon after the group was formed, I traveled to Floridain the company of private and professional turtle enthusiasts to help rehabilitate and house nearly 10,000 turtles confiscated in China; many of the private sector people I met there now participate in rehabilitation and breeding initiatives in cooperation with zoos and museums.

Invertebrate Conservation

We know very little about the husbandry of most invertebrates, but when properly cared-for many species exhibit their full range of behaviors in small enclosures.  Lessons learned by hobbyists while keeping over 300 species of insects, spiders and scorpions have been applied to conservation programs for the Karner Blue Butterfly, Red-kneed Tarantula and scores of other endangered animals.  Similar scenarios apply to hundreds of reptile, amphibian, fish, bird and coral species.

Hobbyists Who Led the Way

Prehensile tailed SkinkThe endangered Solomon Island Prehensile-tailed Skink did not achieve popularity in zoos when first imported into the USA.  Pet-keepers learned to breed it in captivity, and have built up huge populations.  Today it faces almost certain extinction in the wild, but is secure in zoos and private collections.

I learned a great deal from several “unsung heroes” whom I met as a boy and in my early years as a zookeeper. Some of these dedicated people were breeding generation after generation of Poison Frogs, Banded Tree Snails, rare tarantulas and other creatures at a time when most zoos could barley keep them alive. I could go on for pages…

Of course, today it is trendy, or “PC”, for professionals to downplay or deny the role that pet-keeping played in their career development – but, I assure you, the real pros all started out as youngsters interested in keeping wild creatures.

What Can I Do?

Today there are many ways that interested people, whatever their level of training or experience, can participate in conservation programs. From Earthwatch trips to county-run surveys, the possibilities are endless and exciting. Please see the articles below, or write in, if you would like further information.

Joining a herpetological society is a fine way to become involved in local and, in some cases, international conservation programs.  Please check out the website of the New York Turtle and Tortoise Society for an example of the fine work being done by some privately-organized groups.  Just this week, the NYTT’s day-long annual seminar featured presentations by several leading turtle biologists, including the legendary Peter Pritchard.

Further Reading

Volunteer Opportunities, Herp Field Research

Please see The Snail-Eating Turtle for an example of a species rarely seen in zoos but being investigated by private keepers.

Preparing for a Career in Herpetology



Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima manni image referenced from wikipedia and originally posted by Tornadohalt
Prehensile tailed Skink image referenced from wikipedia and originally posted by Dave Pape


  1. avatar

    I totally agree with you on that Frank..
    Privet collectors offer valuable knowledge to scientist and researchers all the time..
    Just look at any book publication for any species and you would most likely find references to privet collectors and breeders..

    • avatar

      Hello Mike, Frank Indiviglio here.

      Thanks for your support.

      Please let me know if you need any further information. Good luck, enjoy and please keep me posted.

      Best regards, Frank Indiviglio.

  2. avatar

    Thanks, Frank, for bucking the ‘PC’ trend! While many of do this out of passion for the species we work with, and not the desire for fame and fortune, it is nice to hear that our efforts are recognized and appreciated.

    • avatar

      Thanks for the kind words,Paul,

      Re PC – when I first applied to the Bx Zoo, I mentioned my experience, from age 12 or so on, working for one of NYC’s largest animal importers, who supplied both zoos and the pet trade; I had cared for young chimps, kinkajous, etc, and every herp-fish-invert imaginable. I was told that it was best not to mention such experience, as the Bx Zoo was now a conservation-oriented organization – laudable, of course, but the animals came from somewhere, originally! Especially frustrating as part of my job had been to pack tarantulas, snakes and other creatures for transfer via van to the Bx Zoo!!

      Best, frank

About Frank Indiviglio

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Being born with a deep interest in animals might seem unfortunate for a native Bronxite , but my family encouraged my interest and the menagerie that sprung from it. Jobs with pet stores and importers had me caring for a fantastic assortment of reptiles and amphibians. After a detour as a lawyer, I was hired as a Bronx Zoo animal keeper and was soon caring for gharials, goliath frogs, king cobras and everything in-between. Research has taken me in pursuit of anacondas, Orinoco crocodiles and other animals in locales ranging from Venezuela’s llanos to Tortuguero’s beaches. Now, after 20+ years with the Bronx Zoo, I am a consultant for several zoos and museums. I have spent time in Japan, and often exchange ideas with zoologists there. I have written books on salamanders, geckos and other “herps”, discussed reptile-keeping on television and presented papers at conferences. A Master’s Degree in biology has led to teaching opportunities. My work puts me in contact with thousands of hobbyists keeping an array of pets. Without fail, I have learned much from them and hope, dear readers, that you will be generous in sharing your thoughts on this blog and web site. For a complete biography of my experience click here.
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