Home | Bird Breeding | The Masked or Yellow-Collared Lovebird, Agapornis personata – Care in Captivity – Part 2

The Masked or Yellow-Collared Lovebird, Agapornis personata – Care in Captivity – Part 2

Masked LovebirdClick here to read the first part of this article.

Social Groups and Compatible Species
Wild lovebirds live colonially, and can be kept in groups if your cage or aviary is large enough.  Of course managing a group can be difficult, as squabbles will arise, and, perhaps due to some form of stress, certain individuals will pluck the young of others.  It is best to separate breeding lovebirds from the group.

These plucky birds can hold their own even when housed with much larger parrots, but care must always be taken in these circumstances.  But if you are set on mixing small and large parrots, Masked Lovebirds are a good choice.

Handling and Enrichment
Natural clowns, Masked Lovebirds have quite bold, inquisitive personalities, and are relatively fearless (please see The Masked Lovebird – Natural History).  They seem naturally pre-disposed to become trusting pets, but only if acquired at a young age.  Adults that have not been tamed are nearly impossible to handle.

Masked Lovebirds are capable of imitating words, but rarely do so.  Tame ones are so charming that this will not be noticed, and their constant antics will leave you wanting little more from a pet bird.  They are highly trainable and will readily use a variety of bird toys.

Pet Masked Lovebirds breed readily but the sexes are difficult to distinguish.  Paired birds preen each other incessantly, but same-sexed birds often form close bonds and may appear to be a mated pair.

Females are more sturdily built and a bit heavier (but only by a few grams) than males, and perch with their legs spread out a bit.  The female’s head is flatter and broader than that of the male (which is dome-shaped), but this varies among individuals and may only be apparent after you have observed a good number of birds.  The males’ pelvic bones (just above the vent) are close together, almost touching, while those of females in breeding condition are widely spaced.  Males often scratch their heads with their feet prior to mating.

Masked Lovebirds build bark and stick nests and will utilize nest boxes (20” x 10” x 10”) or hollow logs.  Females carry the nesting material, transporting it in their beaks (some related species carry bark wedged beneath their feathers).  Provide large amounts of willow and other fresh (from live, sap-bearing branches) bark to nesting birds, and continue to do so throughout the incubation and rearing periods.  Wild lovebirds use this to increase humidity in the nest (please see The Masked Lovebird – Natural History), and even if not necessary in captivity, doing so may be an important behavioral component in the nesting process.  It takes the pair (mainly the female) 4-7 days to complete the nest.

Females lay 3-6 eggs, the first 10 days after mating, and then 1 every other day thereafter.  Incubation lasts 21-23 days, and is carried out solely by the female (the male often sits near her – big help that is!) and the young fledge at day 41-45.  Breeding adults should be provided with extra greens, corn and bits of hard-boiled egg.


Information about Masked Lovebirds at the Honolulu Zoo is posted at:

Image referenced from Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Masked_Lovebird_(Agapornis_personata)_pet_on_cage.png, uploaded by Epoulin


  1. avatar

    I wanted to know what the most accurate way of sexing my yellow-collared lovebirds is? Besides DNA testing, and surgically.

  2. avatar

    Hello Luis,

    Thanks for your interest. Unfortunately, they are impossible to distinguish by eye. Females are said to weigh 6-8 grams more than males, on average, but that is of little help. Behavior is sometimes a clue; females do most of the actual nest construction; males often scratch their heads with the feet prior to mating….but by the time those clues are visible, you’ll likely know who is who! Same-sex pairs sometimes form, so mutual preening etc. is not always reliable.

    Please let me know if you need any further information. Good luck, enjoy and please keep me posted.

    Best regards, Frank Indiviglio.

  3. avatar

    My two wonderful black cheeked lovebirds have a 8 week old chick, we want to keep this one, they have a very large cage which is left open so the whole lounge is their cage really, will they allow it to stay, at present the female has laid another 2 eggs which I am going to remove but she only lets the chick in the nest at night otherwise she chases him away, the male is not to bad and follows the chick around, should i remove the nest box, the chick is very tame and comes to us all the time we are in the room, mainly to nibble at us! what do you advise please help i want to keep all 3

  4. avatar

    Hello Linda,

    She may continue to chase the chick, and the male could turn on it in time as well..unfortunately, captivity changes their behaviors quite a bit, and it’s difficult to predict…best to plan on keeping them separately if they do not adjust to each other after awhile. Best, Frank

  5. avatar

    Thanks Frank they still suufer the chick but the chick seems to want to rule the roost, they all sleep in the nest box, but i was wondering should i remove the nest box to stop them breeding for a while to give mum a break, or just put in of a night as they love to snuggle down in it, they have loads of space indoors, they run the house i think, and the male seems to want to copy the chick.

  6. avatar

    Hi Linda,

    Always a fine line….their instinct is to roost within a shelter, but the presence of a nest box will encourage breeding. removing during the day, as you mention, sometimes works. then again, some pairs will try to nest even w/o a suitable box. Some people use an open nest as a roosting place; this one would likely be too small, but any similar basket (as sold in hobby stores, etc) may work. Not 100% effective though, as it may suit them as a nest site also. Pleas let me know how all goes, best, Frank

About Frank Indiviglio

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I believe that I was born with an intense interest in animals, as neither I nor any of my family can recall a time when I was not fascinated by creatures large and small. One might imagine this to be an unfortunate set of circumstances for a person born and raised in the Bronx, but, in actuality, quite the opposite was true. Most importantly, my family encouraged both my interest and the extensive menagerie that sprung from it. My mother and grandmother somehow found ways to cope with the skunks, flying squirrels, octopus, caimans and countless other odd creatures that routinely arrived un-announced at our front door. Assisting in hand-feeding hatchling praying mantises and in eradicating hoards of mosquitoes (I once thought I had discovered “fresh-water brine shrimp” and stocked my tanks with thousands of mosquito larvae!) became second nature to them. My mother went on to become a serious naturalist, and has helped thousands learn about wildlife in her 16 years as a volunteer at the Bronx Zoo. My grandfather actively conspired in my zoo-buildings efforts, regularly appearing with chipmunks, boa constrictors, turtles rescued from the Fulton Fish Market and, especially, unusual marine creatures. It was his passion for seahorses that led me to write a book about them years later. Thank you very much, for a complete biography of my experience click here.
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