Parrot finches are aptly named…the bright green plumage common to many, set off by red and blue, does bring to mind a tiny Amazon parrot. They are quite unique in appearance from other finches, and once seen cannot easily be mistaken for anything else. Some are among the most highly prized of all cage birds, but 2 species are well established in captivity and readily available.
Some Preliminary Considerations
Parrot finches average only 5 inches in length, but are very active, even by finch standards. They should be given a larger cage than their size alone would indicate. All species are native to warm climates and, while some can be acclimatized to cool temperatures, they do best when kept fairly warm.
Dietary variety is an important consideration in keeping parrot finches…all species that are regularly kept take a wider range of food than do most related birds. In order to ensure that all bases are covered, the basic diet should consist of a mix of 2 high quality foods, such as Fiesta Finch Food and Vita Bird Finch Food.
Parrot finches occur from Southeast Asia to New Guinea and northern Australia, and on many of the numerous islands within that range. Twelve to thirteen species are recognized. The popular gouldian finch was formerly classified as a parrot finch, but most ornithologists no longer classify it so.
The blue-faced parrot finch, E. trichroa, is the most commonly seen species and breeds well in captivity. The red-headed parrot finch, E. psittacea, is also fairly well known…in the wild it is found only on New Caledonia. One of the most colorful parrot finches is the nonpareil, or pintailed parrot finch, E. prasina. Attractively clad in blue, red, yellow and green, this little gem is a bit delicate and does not breed as readily as the 2 species just mentioned.
You can read about the natural history and conservation status of the nonpareil and other parrot finches at:
This website has some good parrot finch pictures. Check them out here.